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Behavior Management Strategies for Patients with TBI

Inside the Episode

Jess and Natalie explore behavior management strategies for patients with traumatic brain injury. We talk about some common causes of agitated behavior, how to assess triggers, and how to quantify behavior changes. Additionally, we talk about navigating documentation challenges related to behavior management. We talk about creating a structured plan, strategies to optimize patient participation, and encouraging family/staff follow through. Helpful resources for therapists who work with patients with TBI that can guide practice and enhance patient/family education are discussed.


Content Level: Intermediate



Rao, V., Rosenberg, P., Bertrand, M., Salehinia, S., Spiro, J., Vaishnavi, S. … and Makley, M. (2009). Aggression after traumatic brain injury: Prevalence and correlates. J. Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 21(4): 420-429.

Saout, V., Gambart, G., Leguay, D., Ferrapie, A. L., Launay, C. and Richard, I. (2011). Aggressive behavior after traumatic brain injury, Annals of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 54(4): 259-269.

Sherer, M. & Sander, A. M. (2014). Handbook on the Neuropsychology of Traumatic Brain Injury. New York, NY: SpringerScience & Business Media



Agitated Behavior Scale:

Ranchos Los Amigos Scale:

Center for Outcome Measurement in Brain Injury (COMBI)

Evidence-Based Review of Moderate to Severe Acquired Brain Injury (ERABI)